alexa Effects of emulsifiers on the controlled release of paclitaxel (Taxol) from nanospheres of biodegradable polymers.
Materials Science

Materials Science

Journal of Nanomedicine & Nanotechnology

Author(s): Feng S, Huang G

Abstract Share this page

Abstract Paclitaxel (Taxol) is an antineoplastic drug effective for various cancers especially ovarian and breast cancer. Due to its high hydrophobicity, however, an adjuvant such as Cremophor EL has to be used in its clinical administration, which causes serious side-effects. Nanospheres of biodegradable polymers could be an ideal solution. This study investigates the effects of various emulsifiers on the physical/chemical properties and release kinetics of paclitaxel loaded nanospheres fabricated by the solvent extraction/evaporation technique. It is shown that phospholipids could be a novel type of emulsifiers. The nanospheres manufactured with various emulsifiers were characterized by laser light scattering for their size and size distribution; scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and atomic force microscopy (AFM) for their surface morphology; zeta potential analyser for their surface charge; and, most importantly, X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) for their surface chemistry. The encapsulation efficiency and in vitro release profile were measured by high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC). It is found that dipalmitoyl-phosphatidylcholine (DPPC) can provide more complete coating on the surface of the products which thus results in a higher emulsifying efficiency compared with polyvinyl alcohol (PVA). Our result shows that the chain length and unsaturation of the lipids have a significant influence on the emulsifying efficiency. Phospholipids with short and saturated chains have excellent emulsifying effects.
This article was published in J Control Release and referenced in Journal of Nanomedicine & Nanotechnology

Relevant Expert PPTs

Recommended Conferences

  • Nano Congress for Next Generation
    August 31-September 01, 2017 Brussels,Belgium
  • Graphene & 2D Materials
    September 14-15, 2017 Edinburgh, Scotland
  • Graphene & 2D Materials
    November 6-7, 2017 Frankfurt, Germany
  • World Congress on Nanoscience and Nano Technology
    October 16-17, 2017 Dubai, UAE
  • World Medical Nanotechnology Congress
    October 18-19, 2017 Osaka, Japan
  • Nanoscienceand Molecular Nanotechnology
    Nov 06-08, 2017 Frankfurt, Germany
Peer Reviewed Journals
 
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
 
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

 
© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version
adwords