Author(s): Jiang SY, Shu R, Song ZC, Xie YF
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Abstract OBJECTIVES: Enamel matrix proteins (EMPs) have been demonstrated to promote periodontal regeneration. However, effects of EMPs on human alveolar osteoblasts (hAOBs), up to now, have still been unclear. The purpose of this study was to investigate influence of EMPs on proliferation, differentiation and attachment of hAOBs in vitro. MATERIALS AND METHODS: EMPs were extracted using the acetic acid method, hAOBs were obtained and cultured in vitro. Cell proliferation, alkaline phosphatase (ALP) activity, mRNA expression of osteogenic markers and cell attachment were measured in the absence and in the presence of EMPs (50, 100 and 200 μg/ml). RESULTS: EMPs increased proliferation of hAOBs; however, they inhibited ALP activity and mRNA expression of osteogenic markers (collagen I, ALP, runt-related protein 2, osteocalcin, bone sialoprotein and osteopontin). Meanwhile, EMPs hindered hAOBs' attachment. These effects occurred in EMPs concentration-dependent manner. CONCLUSIONS: These results indicate that EMPs may inhibit osteoblastic differentiation and attachment to prevent ankylosis and allow other cell types to regenerate periodontal tissues. © 2011 Blackwell Publishing Ltd.
This article was published in Cell Prolif
and referenced in JBR Journal of Interdisciplinary Medicine and Dental Science