alexa Effects of genetic and pharmacological inhibition of TNF-alpha in the regulation of inflammation in macrophages.
Pharmaceutical Sciences

Pharmaceutical Sciences

Biochemistry & Pharmacology: Open Access

Author(s): Crisafulli C, Galuppo M, Cuzzocrea S

Abstract Share this page

Abstract Tumour necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha) is an inflammatory cytokine produced by circulating monocytes and resident macrophages during acute inflammation and is responsible for a diverse range of signalling events within cells, leading to necrosis or apoptosis. The biologic activities of TNF are mediated by two receptors TNFR1 and TNFR2, although a lot of studies demonstrated that most of the biological activities of TNF-alpha are mediated through TNFR1. In the present study, we want to evaluate the role of TNF-alpha on regulation of in vitro models of inflammation. In particular we used peritoneal macrophages, from TNF-alphaR1 knock out and TNF-alphaR1 wild-type mice, stimulated with LPS 10 microg/ml and IFN-gamma 100 U/ml. Our results showed that the deletion of TNF-alphaR1 gene significantly reduced the degree of (i) MAPK activation, (ii) IkappaB-alpha degradation, (iii) phosphorylation of Ser536 on the NF-kappaB subunit p65 and (iv) iNOS and COX-2 expression. In addition, to confirm the pivotal role of TNF-alpha on regulation of peritoneal macrophages inflammation, we have also investigated the protective effects of infliximab, a TNF-alpha chimeric mouse/human IgG1 antibody against TNF-alpha. As shown in the present study, the cell incubation with infliximab (0.1 microg/ml, 1 microg/ml and 10 microg/ml) significantly leads to a concentration-dependent inhibition of the inflammatory mediators above described. In conclusion, our study demonstrates that pharmacological and genetic inhibition of the TNF/TNFR1 binding reduce the degree of macrophages inflammation caused by LPS/IFN-gamma stimulation. This article was published in Pharmacol Res and referenced in Biochemistry & Pharmacology: Open Access

Relevant Expert PPTs

Relevant Speaker PPTs

Peer Reviewed Journals
 
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
 
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

Agri, Food, Aqua and Veterinary Science Journals

Dr. Krish

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Clinical and Biochemistry Journals

Datta A

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9037

Business & Management Journals

Ronald

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Chemical Engineering and Chemistry Journals

Gabriel Shaw

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Earth & Environmental Sciences

Katie Wilson

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Engineering Journals

James Franklin

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

General Science and Health care Journals

Andrea Jason

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9043

Genetics and Molecular Biology Journals

Anna Melissa

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9006

Immunology & Microbiology Journals

David Gorantl

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9014

Informatics Journals

Stephanie Skinner

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Material Sciences Journals

Rachle Green

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Mathematics and Physics Journals

Jim Willison

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

Medical Journals

Nimmi Anna

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9038

Neuroscience & Psychology Journals

Nathan T

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9041

Pharmaceutical Sciences Journals

John Behannon

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9007

Social & Political Science Journals

Steve Harry

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

 
© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version
adwords