Author(s): Tessier D, Maheux P, Khalil A, Flp T
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Abstract The sulfonylurea gliclazide and the biguanide metformin have different mechanisms to reduce glycemia. We performed a randomized study to compare these two agents with respect to glycemic control and effects on lipid peroxidation markers in 36 adult patients with type 2 diabetes. Both agents significantly decreased glycosylated hemoglobin ([HbA1c] P < .05), fructosamine (P < .05), and the glucose-excursion curve during the oral glucose tolerance test ([OGTT] P < .01). With regard to the insulin curve during this test, no significant change was observed with metformin and a significant increase was measured with gliclazide (P < .05). Considering the small number of events, no significant difference was detected in the number of hypoglycemic episodes between the two agents. More upper-gastrointestinal (GI) symptoms were observed with metformin compared with gliclazide (P < .05). Even with no change in the standard lipid profile, both agents increased serum vitamin E (P < .01 for gliclazide and P < .05 for metformin) and decreased the level of lipid peroxidation markers in low-density lipoprotein (LDL) and high-density lipoprotein (HDL) particles (P < .05). Despite different mechanisms of action, gliclazide and metformin demonstrated comparable levels of efficacy and complementary effects on lipid peroxidation markers.
This article was published in Metabolism
and referenced in Diabetes Case Reports