alexa Effects of gonadotrophin-releasing hormone, recombinant human activin-A and sex steroid hormones upon the follicle-stimulating isohormones secreted by rat anterior pituitary cells in culture.
Bioinformatics & Systems Biology

Bioinformatics & Systems Biology

Journal of Glycomics & Lipidomics

Author(s): UlloaAguirre A, Schwall R, Cravioto A, Zambrano E, DaminMatsumura P

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Abstract FSH is produced and secreted from the anterior pituitary gland of rats in multiple molecular forms. At times of high gonadotrophin-releasing hormone (GnRH) and oestrogen output (e.g. the morning of the day of pro-oestrus) the pituitary increases the production of FSH isoforms with isoelectric point (pI) values greater than 5.0, whilst sex steroid deprivation leads to the production of strongly acidic and less in-vitro biologically active FSH molecules. It is not known, however, whether sex steroids modulate the production of specific FSH isoforms by a direct action at the pituitary level or indirectly through altering the rate of synthesis and/or secretion of GnRH. In order to obtain some insight on this issue, we examined the charge heterogeneity of FSH secreted by cultured pituitary cells exposed to different FSH-releasing factors, oestradiol-17 beta and progesterone, alone or in different time-sequenced combinations. Anterior pituitary glands from 21-day-old female rats were enzymatically dispersed into a single cell suspension and cultured for 5 days. During days 1 to 3, cells were incubated in the absence of factors or steroid hormones; on days 3 to 4, cells were incubated in the absence (controls) or presence of either oestradiol-17 beta (3.67 nmol/l) or oestradiol-17 beta plus progesterone (3.67 and 31.8 nmol/l respectively). Finally, during days 4 to 6, GnRH (10 nmol/l) or recombinant human activin-A (2 nmol/l) were added to half of all culture wells. Media from each cell group were concentrated and the several forms of secreted FSH were then separated by polyacrylamide gel isoelectric focusing (pH range 6.5-4.0) and quantitated. All media concentrates contained several forms of immunoactive secreted FSH focusing within a pH range of 6.44-4.23. A large amount (51-76\%) of total FSH recovered focused within a pI range of 4.9-4.0 (area 3), whilst 20-43\% and 4-8\% of the total were identified within pI range of 5.9-5.0 (area 2) and 6.5-6.0 (area 1) respectively.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 400 WORDS)
This article was published in J Endocrinol and referenced in Journal of Glycomics & Lipidomics

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