Author(s): de Waal Malefyt R, Figdor CG, Huijbens R, MohanPeterson S, Bennett B,
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Abstract Recently, we described the cloning and expression of a human cDNA which is the homologue to P600, a gene transcribed by mouse Th2 clones. Based on its activities on human monocytes and B cells this gene was designated IL-13. In the present study we investigated the effects of IL-13 alone or in combination with IL-4, IFN-gamma, or IL-10 on human monocytes. IL-13 induced significant changes in the phenotype of monocytes. Like IL-4, it enhanced the expression of CD11b, CD11c, CD18, CD29, CD49e (VLA-5), class II MHC, CD13, and CD23, whereas it decreased the expression of CD64, CD32, CD16, and CD14 in a dose-dependent manner. IL-13 induced up-regulation of class II MHC Ag and its down-regulatory effects on CD64, CD32, and CD16 expression were prevented by IL-10. IFN-gamma could also partially prevent the IL-13-induced down-regulation of CD64, but not that of CD32 and CD16. However, IL-13 strongly inhibited spontaneous and IL-10- or IFN-gamma-induced ADCC activity of human monocytes toward anti-D coated Rh+ erythrocytes, indicating that the cytotoxic activity of monocytes was inhibited. Furthermore, IL-13 inhibited production of IL-1 alpha, IL-1 beta, IL-6, IL-8, IL-10, IL-12 p35, IL-12 p40, macrophage inflammatory protein-1 alpha, granulocyte/macrophage-CSF, granulocyte-CSF, IFN-alpha, and TNF alpha by monocytes activated with LPS. In contrast, IL-13 enhanced the production of IL-1 ra by these cells. Similar results on cytokine production were observed or have been obtained with IL-4. Thus IL-13 shares most of its activities on human monocytes with IL-4, but no additive or synergistic effects of IL-4 and IL-13 on human monocytes were observed, suggesting that these cytokines may share common receptor components. Taken together, these results indicate that IL-13 has anti-inflammatory and important immunoregulatory activities.
This article was published in J Immunol
and referenced in Journal of Clinical & Cellular Immunology