alexa Effects of intravenous lidocaine on QTd and HRV changes due to tracheal intubation during sevoflurane induction


Journal of Anesthesia & Clinical Research

Author(s): Ugur B, Yksel H, Odabasi AR, Ogurlu M, Onbasili A

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The aim of the present study was to evaluate the effects of IV lidocaine on autonomic cardiac function changes in tracheal intubation (TI) during sevoflurane anaesthesia by using more reliable parameters, namely, the analysis of QT dispersion and heart rate variability (HRV) from Holter monitoring. In this prospective, double-blind study, 44 American Society of Anaesthesiologists class I-II patients scheduled for hysterectomy were randomly and equally divided into 2 groups; a control sevoflurane group (group S, n = 22) and a lidocaine sevoflurane group (group LS, n = 22). Before the induction of anaesthesia, the electrocardiograms (ECG) of all patients were recorded for 3 minutes as baseline parameters. In both groups, the anaesthesia was induced with 7% sevoflurane in O(2 )at 6L min(-1) via a facemask for 2 minutes. However, before the induction of sevoflurane anaesthesia in group LS, 1 mg kg(-1) of lidocaine was given intravenously (IV). For muscle relaxation during TI, vecuronium was given to all participants. Three minutes after administration of vecuronium, TI was performed and an ECG was recorded synchronously for another 3 minutes. The results from the later records were used as postintubation parameters. Baseline and postintubation data were analysed. When compared to baseline values, postintubation LF/HF and SDNN values were increased in group S (P = 0.005, P = 0.001, respectively), whereas postintubation LF and HF values were decreased in group LS (P = 0.014, P = 0.041, respectively). Under the influence of sevoflurane anaesthesia, TI resulted in sympathetic activation. However, this activation was attenuated by the administration of IV 1 mg kg(-1) lidocaine 5 minutes prior to TI.

This article was published in Int Heart J and referenced in Journal of Anesthesia & Clinical Research

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