Author(s): Hui S, Yi L, Fengling QL
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Abstract To investigate the effect of a blue light-filtering intraocular lens (IOL) and a UV-absorbing IOL on light-induced damage to retinal pigment epithelial (RPE) cells laden with the lipofuscin fluorophore N-retinylidene-N-retinylethanolamine (A2E), A2E-laden RPE cells were exposed to white light which was filtered by either a blue light-filtering IOL or a UV-absorbing IOL. After 30 min of illumination the cell viability and the level of reactive oxygen species (ROS), free glutathione (GSH), vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) and pigment epithelium-derived factor (PEDF) were determined. In the absence of an IOL, the white light exposure decreased cell viability to 37.2\% of the nonirradiated control. The UV-absorbing IOL tended to reduce light-induced cell death; however, the decrease was not significant. The blue light-filtering IOL significantly attenuated light-induced cell damage, increasing cell viability to 79.5\% of the nonirradiated control. The presence of the blue light-filtering IOL significantly increased GSH and PEDF levels, and decreased ROS and VEGF levels. This study suggests that a blue light-filtering IOL may be more protective against A2E-induced light damage and inhibit more light-induced ROS and VEGF production than a conventional UV-absorbing IOL.
This article was published in Photochem Photobiol
and referenced in Journal of Cytology & Histology