alexa Effects of losartan on blood pressure, metabolic alterations, and vascular reactivity in the fructose-induced hypertensive rat.

Journal of Autacoids and Hormones

Author(s): NavarroCid J, Maeso R, PerezVizcaino F, Cachofeiro V, Ruilope LM,

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Abstract Fructose feeding induces a moderate increase in blood pressure levels in normal rats that is associated with insulin resistance, hyperinsulinemia, and hypertriglyceridemia. The sympathetic nervous system seems to participate in the alterations of this model. To further explore the mechanisms underlying fructose-induced hypertension, the effects of the AT1 receptor antagonist losartan on blood pressure, insulin resistance, renal function, and vascular reactivity in mesenteric vascular beds were studied. Sprague-Dawley rats were fed for 4 weeks with diets containing 60\% fructose or 60\% starch (control), and half of each group received losartan (1 mg/kg per day) in the drinking water. Fructose-fed rats showed higher (P < .05) blood pressure levels and plasma concentrations of triglycerides and insulin than those of controls. Losartan treatment prevented both blood pressure elevation and hyperinsulinemia in fructose-fed rats but not elevation of plasma triglycerides. Plasma glucose and insulin levels in response to an oral glucose load were higher (P < .05) in fructose-fed rats than in controls. These exaggerated responses were prevented by losartan treatment. No differences in the constrictor responses of mesenteric vascular beds to KCl (60 mumol), angiotensin II (1 nmol), phenylephrine (10(-5) mol/L), or endothelin-1 (10 pmol) were found between the two groups. Relaxing responses to acetylcholine or sodium nitroprusside in phenylephrine-precontracted mesenteric vascular beds and constrictor response to the nitric oxide synthesis inhibitor NG-nitro-L-arginine methyl ester (100 nmol) were comparable in both groups. Losartan blunted angiotensin II constriction and reduced (P < .05) responses to phenylephrine in all groups.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)
This article was published in Hypertension and referenced in Journal of Autacoids and Hormones

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