alexa Effects of n-butyrate and phorbol ester (TPA) on induction of Epstein-Barr virus antigens and cell differentiation.


Medicinal chemistry

Author(s): Anisimov E, Prachov K, Roubal J, Vonka V

Abstract Share this page

Abstract N-Butyrate, an effective inducer of synthesis of Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) antigens in virus-producer P3HR-1 cells, has recently been shown (2) to induce morphological differentiation towards plasma cell in nonproducer Raji cells. The effects of n-butyrate and 12-O-tetradecanoylphorbol-13-acetate (TPA) on both EBV-antigen induction and cell differentiation in two virus-nonproducer lymphoblastoid cell lines, Raji and NC37, were now studied. The following observations were made (1). On its own either drug induced 1-2 per cent of cells to EBV-early-antigen positivity in both lines; their mixture induced 35 and 15 per cent positive cells in Raji and NC37 respectively (2). In Raji, n-butyrate induced about 80 per cent of cells to differentiate to plasmablast or plasma cell morphology, whereas TPA only induced the early stages of differentiation in 8 per cent of cells; a mixture of both inducers produced a similar effect as TPA alone. The addition of TPA alone or butyrate-TPA mixture led to some cellular alterations resembling virus-specific changes in virus-producer cell lines. In NC37, either drug alone or their mixture drove 13 per cent of cells to differentiate into plasmablasts or earlier stages of differentiation. In the presence of TPA protrusions and "loops" were seen on cell surfaces. Evidently, the stage of differentiation at which B-lymphoblastoid cell lines have been arrested can be changed in vitro. However, cell-line dependent and inducer-dependent differences in the differentiation response were apparent.
This article was published in Arch Virol and referenced in Medicinal chemistry

Relevant Expert PPTs

Relevant Speaker PPTs

Recommended Conferences

Peer Reviewed Journals
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version