alexa Effects of nitrite exposure on blood respiratory properties, acid-base and electrolyte regulation in the carp (Cyprinus carpio).
Agri and Aquaculture

Agri and Aquaculture

Journal of Aquaculture Research & Development

Author(s): Jensen FB, Andersen NA, Heisler N

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Abstract Adult carp were subjected to 1 mM environmental nitrite for 48 h and nitrite uptake and changes in blood respiratory properties, extracellular electrolyte composition and acid-base status were examined. A constant influx of nitrite caused an accumulation of NO2- in plasma to 5.4 mM in 48 h. The fraction of methaemoglobin rose with plasma [NO2-] to 83\%, and the arterial oxygen content decreased to extremely low values. Arterial PO2 increased as a compensation to this O2-shortage, whereas the O2 saturation of the functional (unoxidized) haemoglobin decreased, revealing a reduction in its O2 affinity. Blood haematocrit decreased as a result of red cell shrinkage, which caused very high red cell haemoglobin (Hb) concentrations. The erythrocytic nucleoside triphosphate (NTP) concentration showed a parallel increase whereby NTP/Hb, as well as the relative contributions of ATP and GTP to NTP, remained unchanged. Plasma [Cl-] declined by 15 mM in 48 h, offsetting the plasma [NO2-] increase, minor changes in plasma [HCO3-] and a considerable increase in plasma [lactate]. Arterial pH and [HCO3-] rose slightly during the first 24 h of nitrite exposure, but returned to control values at 48 h. The rise in plasma [lactate] was not reflected in an extracellular metabolic acidosis. Plasma [K+] increased by 94\% in 48 h, revealing an uncompensated extracellular hyperkalemia, whereas plasma [Na+] decreased, and plasma [Ca++] was unchanged. Plasma osmolality remained essentially constant.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)
This article was published in J Comp Physiol B and referenced in Journal of Aquaculture Research & Development

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