Author(s): Srivastava HS, Ormrod DP
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Abstract The influence of nutrient nitrate level (0-20 millimolar) on the effects of NO(2) (0-0.5 parts per million) on growth, K, photosynthetic pigment, N contents, and the activities of enzymes of N assimilation was studied in bean (Phaseolus vulgaris L. cv Kinghorn Wax) leaves. Exposing 7-day old bean seedlings for 5 days continuously to 0.02 to 0.5 parts per million NO(2) increased plant height, fresh weight, chlorophyll, carotenoid, organic N and nitrate contents, and nitrate reductase and glutamate synthase activities in the leaves of seedlings supplied with no external N. At 20 millimolar nitrate, most of the parameters examined were inhibited except for organic N and nitrate contents and glutamate synthase activity which increased in most cases. Generally, with an increase in NO(2) concentration, the stimulatory effect declined and/or the inhibitory effect increased. A 3-hour exposure of 12-day-old bean seedlings to 0.1 to 2.0 parts per million NO(2) increased nitrate content and nitrate reductase activity at each nutrient nitrate level except for a slight inhibition of enzyme activity during exposure to 2.0 parts per million NO(2) at 20 millimolar nitrate. The experiments demonstrated that the effect of NO(2) is strongly influenced by nutrient N level and that NO(2) is assimilated into organic nitrogenous compounds to serve as a source of N, only to a limited extent.
This article was published in Plant Physiol
and referenced in Advances in Crop Science and Technology