Author(s): Ogonowski AA, Kaesemeyer WH, Jin L, Ganapathy V, Leibach FH,
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Abstract It is commonly believed that the activity of NO synthase (NOS) solely controls NO production from its substrates, L-Arg and O(2). The Michaelis-Menten constant (K(m)) of NOS for L-Arg is in the micromolar range; cellular levels of L-Arg are much higher. However, evidence strongly suggests that cellular supply of L-Arg may become limiting and lead to reduced NO and increased superoxide anion (O(-)(2)*) formation, promoting cardiovascular dysfunction. Uptake of L-Arg into cells occurs primarily (approximately 85\%) through the actions of a Na(+)-independent, carrier-mediated transporter (system y(+)). We have examined the effects of NOS agonists (substance P, bradykinin, and ACh) and NO donors (S-nitroso-N-acetyl-penicillamine and dipropylenetriamine NONOate) on transport of L-Arg into bovine aortic endothelial cells (BAEC). Our results demonstrate that NOS agonists increase y(+) transporter activity. A rapidly acting NO donor initially increases L-Arg uptake; however, after longer exposure, L-Arg uptake is suppressed. Exposure of BAEC without L-Arg to substance P and a Ca(2+) ionophore (A-23187) increased O(-)(2)* formation, which was blocked with concurrent presence of L-Arg or the NOS antagonist N(omega)-nitro-L-arginine methyl ester. We conclude that factors including NO itself control y(+) transport function and the production of NO and O(-)(2)*.
This article was published in Am J Physiol Cell Physiol
and referenced in Journal of Diabetes & Metabolism