Author(s): Dintinjana RD, Guina T, Krznari Z, Radi M, Dintinjana M, Dintinjana RD, Guina T, Krznari Z, Radi M, Dintinjana M, Dintinjana RD, Guina T, Krznari Z, Radi M, Dintinjana M, Dintinjana RD, Guina T, Krznari Z, Radi M, Dintinjana M
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Abstract Nutritional support, addressing the specific needs of this patient group, is required to help improve prognosis, and reduce the consequences of cancer-associated nutritional decline. Early intervention with nutritional supplementation has been shown to halt malnutrition, and may improve outcome in some patients. In our study we tried to assess the influence of nutritional support (counseling, oral liquids, megestrol acetate) on nutritional status and symptoms prevalence in patients with colorectal cancer during chemotherapy. Group I consisted of 215 (55\%) patients with medium age 68 +/- 2.6 years who were monitored prospectively and were given nutritional support. Group II included 173 (45\%) patients (medium age 67 +/- 2.9 years) without the proper nutritional counseling, in whom the data were collected retrospectively during a 6 years period of time. After evaluation Nottingham Screening Tool Score, Appetite Loss Scale and Karnofsky Performance Status) all patients in the group I received nutritional counseling, 153 of them (72\%) were taking form of enteral food supplement and 103 (48\%) patients were using megestrol acetate. Evaluating the initial risk measurements according to BMI, decrease in weight gain and NST, we did not find any significant difference between the two groups. After chemotherapy completion, patients in group I had a 15.3\% drop of those who's BMI was < 20.65\% patients increased their body weight, with an average weight gain of 1.5 kg (0.6-2.8 kg). Contrary, in group II we found increase in weight loss > or = 2 kg/month in 39\% of patients. The appetite improvement was detected on Appetite Loss Scale from 3.1 (pre-chemotherapy) to 4.7 (post-chemotherapy) in group I, especially in those receiving megestrol acetate. In both groups Karnofsky Performance Status didn't change significantly reflecting the impact of the disease itself and chemotherapy procedures to the patient's condition. Nutritional counseling, supplemental feeding and pharmacological support do temporarily stop weight loss and improve appetite, social life and quality of life in those groups of patients. However, this improvement have no implications on patients KPS and course of their disease.
This article was published in Coll Antropol
and referenced in Journal of Nutritional Disorders & Therapy