Author(s): Newman JD, Armstrong JM, Bornstein J
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Abstract Acute effects of two part sequences of human growth hormone on the in vivo activity levels of hepatic glycogen synthase and glycogen phosphorylase were examined. The peptide corresponding to residues 6 to 13 of the hormone (hGH 6--13) decreased the percentage of phosphorylase in the active form without affecting synthase activity. This action was indirect and dependent upon insulin. The peptide hGH 177--191 decreased the level of the active form of synthase without affecting phosphorylase activity. This effect was also observed with analogous peptides containing the sequence hGH 178--191 (i.e., hGH 172--191 and hGH 178--191), whereas the peptide hGH 179--191 was inert. The onset of these effects was rapid, and maximum changes in activity were produced in 5 min by both peptides. The effect for hGH 177--191 was short-lived, and synthase activity had returned to normal levels by 15 min, whereas the action of hGH 6--13 was of longer duration and was still quite marked at 60 min. Both peptides showed a linear dependence of response to the log dose of peptide injected over the range 0.1--250 microgram hGH 6--13 per kg body weight and 0.05--25 microgram hGH 177--191 per kg body weight. Hepatic 3',5'-cyclicadenylic acid levels were not affected by either peptide. Incorporation of glycerol carbon into liver glycogen was increased by hGH 6--13 and decreased by hGH carbon into liver glycogen was increased by hGH 6--13 and decreased by hGH 177--191. This is discussed in terms of a futile cycle between glycogen and hexose phosphate in the liver, as the basis for a control mechanism for hepatic glycogen metabolism. The present observations are consistent with other in vivo and in vitro actions of these and related peptides.
This article was published in Biochim Biophys Acta
and referenced in Journal of Clinical & Experimental Pharmacology