alexa Effects of pharmacological fiber supplements on levothyroxine absorption.


Journal of Drug Metabolism & Toxicology

Author(s): Chiu AC, Sherman SI

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Abstract To determine the effect of pharmacological fiber supplements, we measured levothyroxine (LT4) absorption without and with simultaneous ingestion of either calcium polycarbophil or psyllium hydrophilic mucilloid. Serum thyroxine (T4) levels in 8 volunteers were measured following ingestion of 600 microg of LT4 on 3 separate occasions at 4-week intervals: (1) LT4 alone; (2) LT4 together with 1000 mg polycarbophil; and (3) LT4 together with 3.4 g psyllium. The amount of absorbed LT4 was calculated as the incremental rise in serum T4 level during the first 6 hours multiplied by the volume of distribution for the hormone, and expressed as a percentage of the dose administered. Absorption of LT4 alone averaged 89\% (95\% confidence interval [CI]: 75\%-104\%), occurring at a median of 180 minutes. After simultaneous ingestion of calcium polycarbophil, LT4 absorption was 86\% (95\% CI: 74\%-97\%), occurring at 180 minutes. With simultaneous ingestion of psyllium and LT4, the absorption was 80\% (95\% CI: 64\%-95\%), occurring at 240 minutes. In summary, neither calcium polycarbophil nor psyllium hydrophilic mucilloid are likely to cause malabsorption of LT4 that could be detected by these methods. This article was published in Thyroid and referenced in Journal of Drug Metabolism & Toxicology

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