alexa Effects of pinealectomy on the rat oestrous cycle and pituitary gonadotrophin release.
Diabetes & Endocrinology

Diabetes & Endocrinology

Endocrinology & Metabolic Syndrome

Author(s): Blake CA

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Abstract In 4-day cyclic rats kept in a room with the lights on from 05.00 to 19.00 h, sham pinealectomy or pinealectomy on the morning of pro-oestrus did not alter the length of the oestrous cycle for 44 days or the time and magnitude of the rises in LH, FSH and prolactin in the circulation in the afternoon on pro-oestrous days 0, 20 or 44. On day 45, the light schedule was set forward 4 h to run from 09.00 to 23.00 h. The rats continued to have seven additional consecutive 4-day oestrous cycles. On day 27 after the resetting of the light schedule, the pro-oestrous rises in serum LH, FSH and prolactin were delayed 4 h in all rats and a normal quota of eggs was ovulated that night. Other 4- and 5-day cyclic rats which had been made persistently oestrous by anterior deafferentation of the medial basal hypothalamus (AC) underwent pinealectomy. These AC-pinealectomized rats were ovariectomized 60 days later and histological examination of the ovaries revealed no evidence of recent ovulation. Five to six weeks after ovariectomy, sequential blood samples were withdrawn through indwelling atrial cannulas in the AC-pinealectomized-ovariectomized rats and in ovariectomized, pinealectomized-ovariectomized and AC-ovariectomized rats. Regular pulsatile rhythms in plasma LH were measured in all rats. Subcutaneous injection of 50 mug mug oestradiol benzoate in oil lowered plasma LH levels in all four groups but caused an LH surge in the afternoon 2 days later only in the ovariectomized and pinealectomized-ovariectomized rats. The results indicate that the pineal gland in rats kept on a 14 h light: 10 h darkness schedule does not play an active or premissive role in the timing or magnitude of LH, FSH or prolactin release at pro-oestrus, the length of the oestrous cycle, or LH release in ovariectomized rats.
This article was published in J Endocrinol and referenced in Endocrinology & Metabolic Syndrome

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