alexa Effects of pioglitazone on suppressor of cytokine signaling 3 expression: potential mechanisms for its effects on insulin sensitivity and adiponectin expression.
Pharmaceutical Sciences

Pharmaceutical Sciences

Clinical Pharmacology & Biopharmaceutics

Author(s): Kanatani Y, Usui I, Ishizuka K, Bukhari A, Fujisaka S,

Abstract Share this page

Abstract Pioglitazone is widely used for the treatment of diabetic patients with insulin resistance. The mechanism of pioglitazone to improve insulin sensitivity is not fully understood. Recent studies have shown that the induction of suppressor of cytokine signaling 3 (SOCS3) is related to the development of insulin resistance. Here, we examined whether the insulin-sensitizing effect of pioglitazone affects the SOCS induction. In db/db mice and high-fat-fed mice, expression of SOCS3 mRNA in fat tissue was increased compared with that in lean control mice, and pioglitazone suppressed SOCS3 levels. In 3T3-L1 adipocytes, mediators of insulin resistance such as tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha), interleukin-6, growth hormone, and insulin increased SOCS3 expression, which was partially inhibited by pioglitazone. The ability of pioglitazone to suppress SOCS3 induction by TNF-alpha was greatly augmented by peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor gamma overexpression. SOCS3 overexpression and tyrphostin AG490, a Janus kinase 2 inhibitor, or dominant-negative STAT3 expression partially inhibited adiponectin secretion and was accompanied by decreased STAT3 phosphorylation. Conversely, pioglitazone increased adiponectin secretion and STAT3 phosphorylation in fat tissue of db/db mice and in 3T3-L1 adipocytes. These results suggest that pioglitazone exerts its effect to improve whole-body insulin sensitivity in part through the suppression of SOCS3, which is associated with the increase in STAT3 phosphorylation and adiponectin production in fat tissue. This article was published in Diabetes and referenced in Clinical Pharmacology & Biopharmaceutics

Relevant Expert PPTs

Relevant Speaker PPTs

Relevant Topics

Peer Reviewed Journals
 
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
 
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

Agri & Aquaculture Journals

Dr. Krish

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9040

Biochemistry Journals

Datta A

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9037

Business & Management Journals

Ronald

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Chemistry Journals

Gabriel Shaw

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9040

Clinical Journals

Datta A

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9037

Engineering Journals

James Franklin

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Food & Nutrition Journals

Katie Wilson

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

General Science

Andrea Jason

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9043

Genetics & Molecular Biology Journals

Anna Melissa

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9006

Immunology & Microbiology Journals

David Gorantl

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9014

Materials Science Journals

Rachle Green

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Nursing & Health Care Journals

Stephanie Skinner

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Medical Journals

Nimmi Anna

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9038

Neuroscience & Psychology Journals

Nathan T

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9041

Pharmaceutical Sciences Journals

Ann Jose

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9007

Social & Political Science Journals

Steve Harry

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

 
© 2008- 2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version
adwords