Author(s): Ko CC, Chu CS, Chung KH, Lee MC
A finite element analysis was carried out to study the roles of posts in reducing dentin stress in pulpless teeth. Two-dimensional plane strain models of the midlabiolingual section of a human maxillary central incisor were first analyzed. The results showed that the gold alloy post reduced maximal dentin stress by as much as 30%. However, the integrity of the dentin was compromised and the effects of the post were likely to be exaggerated in such models. In an effort to correct for these problems, plane stress models with side plates and axisymmetric models were analyzed. Posts were found to reduce maximal dentin stress by only 3% to 8% when the teeth were subjected to masticatory and traumatic loadings in these latter models. Although posts reduced maximal dentin stress by as much as 20% when the teeth were loaded vertically, teeth such as incisors and canines normally are not subjected to vertical loadings. Thus the reinforcement effects of posts seem to be doubtful in these teeth.