Author(s): Nakayama E, Tohara H, Hiraba H, Sanpei R, Wakasa H,
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Abstract Velopharyngeal closure plays an important role in preventing air pressure leakage during swallowing and phonation from oropharynx to nasopharynx. Levator veli palatini muscle activity is influenced by oral and nasal air pressure, volume of the swallow bolus and postural changes. However, it is unclear how velopharyngeal closing pressure is affected by reclining posture. The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of reclining posture on velopharyngeal closing pressure during swallowing and phonation. Nine healthy male volunteers (age range, 27-34 years) participated in this study. Velopharyngeal closing pressure during a dry swallow, a 5-mL liquid swallow, a 5-mL honey-thick liquid swallow and phonations of /P∧/ and /K∧/ were evaluated in an upright posture and at reclining postures of 60° and 30°. A manometer catheter was inserted transnasally onto the soft palate, and each trial was repeated three times. A solid-state manometer catheter with an intra-luminal transducer was used to evaluate the amplitude and duration of each trial, and data were statistically analysed. Average amplitudes during dry and liquid swallows were significantly lower in reclining postures compared with the upright posture, but the amplitude was not significantly different during the thick liquid swallow. Average durations were not affected by postural changes. The amplitudes during phonations were lower in reclining postures, but the differences were not significant. Velopharyngeal closure is significantly affected by reclining posture. This suggests that velopharyngeal closing pressure may be adjusted according to afferent inputs, such as reclining posture and bolus viscosity. © 2013 John Wiley & Sons Ltd.
This article was published in J Oral Rehabil
and referenced in International Journal of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation