Author(s): Kawanishi C, Fukuda M, Tamura R, Nishijo H, Ono T
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Abstract The specific alternation of rhythm in temperature (SART), which is defined as rapid and frequent changes in the environmental temperature several times within the course of a day, produces abnormalities in behavior such as hyperphagia and in sensory sensation such as hyperalgesia. As the first step toward understanding the mechanisms of these abnormalities, we studied the effects or SART stress on ingestive behavior. During the light and dark phases, the animals' food intake increased, but their body weight gain decreased. In addition, diurnal variation in body weight also decreased. Next, we examined the behavioral and electrophysiological effects of SART stress on avoidance behavior by studying the rat's avoidance of a noxious stimulus in the form of a footshock. The rats demonstrated hyperreactivity; the delay in escaping the footshock was decreased by SART stress. The excitability of C-fiber activity, which responds to mechanical and thermal stimuli to a single saphenous nerve, was not changed by SART stress. This suggests that the hyperreactivity in footshock avoidance and the hyperalgesia in pain response induced by SART stress are based on excessive emotionality.
This article was published in Physiol Behav
and referenced in Journal of Addiction Research & Therapy