Author(s): Bellas J, Thor P
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Abstract The effects of selected polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons on the marine calanoid copepod Acartia tonsa were tested in laboratory short-term toxicity tests in order to facilitate risk assessment of those compounds to the marine pelagic environment. Photo-induced toxicity of pyrene was also investigated under naturally relevant UV light regimes. Lethal and sublethal effects on egg production rate, hatching and potential recruitment rate were evaluated after 48 h exposure to fluoranthene, phenanthrene and pyrene. The 48 h-median lethal concentrations (LC(50)) reducing survival by 50\% were 594, 2,366 and >640 nM for fluoranthene, phenanthrene and pyrene, respectively, whilst lower concentrations induced different sublethal effects. Median effective concentrations (EC(50)) affecting the egg production rate and the recruitment rate were 433 and 385 (fluoranthene), 1,245 and 1,012 (phenanthrene) and 306 and 295 nM (pyrene), respectively. An increase in toxicity of pyrene was detected after incubation under UV light, resulting in LC(50) values of 201 nM (24 h) and 138 nM (48 h) and EC(50) values of 79 nM (egg production rate) and 41 nM (recruitment rate). Finally, a comparison between effective concentrations and worst-case environmental concentrations reported in literature indicated that pyrene may pose a threat to A. tonsa from exposure in the field, and that the risk of adverse effects is high for fluoranthene.
This article was published in Ecotoxicology
and referenced in Journal of Marine Science: Research & Development