Author(s): Jeong KH, Lee TW, Ihm CG, Lee SH, Moon JY,
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Abstract BACKGROUND: Oxidative stress and inflammation are implicated in the pathogenesis of diabetic nephropathy. Because sildenafil citrate (Viagra) has variable cardiovascular benefits, including antioxidative and immunomodulating effects, we investigated its influence on oxidative stress and inflammation in diabetic rat kidney. METHODS: Streptozotocin-induced diabetic rats received sildenafil (3 mg/kg/day in drinking water) or not (undosed water) for 8 weeks and were compared to age-matched nondiabetic animals. We evaluated 8-hydroxydeoxyguanosine (8-OHdG; for oxidative DNA damage), inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS) and nitrotyrosine (for excessive NO production and peroxynitrite formation), and representative chemoattractants [monocyte chemotactic protein-1, MCP-1; for inflammation and monocyte/macrophage infiltrations (ED-1)] in the kidney. RESULTS: Sildenafil-treated rats had a lower kidney-to-body weight ratio than untreated diabetic rats. Urinary albumin excretion in diabetic rats decreased significantly after sildenafil treatment without changes in systolic blood pressure. Sildenafil-treated rats had significantly lower urinary and renal cortical 8-OHdG levels than the nonsildenafil group. Sildenafil administration significantly attenuated the increased renal nitrotyrosine protein expression, positive iNOS and ED-1 staining in glomeruli and tubulointerstitium, and nitrotyrosine staining in tubulointerstitium. Cortical MCP-1 RNA expression in the sildenafil group was significantly lower than in the nonsildenafil group. CONCLUSIONS: Sildenafil treatment may attenuate renal damage by ameliorating oxidative and inflammatory injuries in diabetic rats. 2008 S. Karger AG, Basel.
This article was published in Am J Nephrol
and referenced in Journal of Clinical & Experimental Pharmacology