Author(s): Suzuki N, Yoneda M, Haruna K, Masuo Y, Nishihara T,
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Abstract OBJECTIVES: This study evaluated the effects of a surface pre-reacted glass-ionomer (S-PRG) eluate on oral microbiota and dental biofilms in vitro, and on oral malodor and tongue bacterial loads clinically. STUDY DESIGN: The effect of S-PRG eluate on the growth and survival of salivary bacteria was examined under both aerobic and anaerobic conditions; its ability to inhibit new biofilm formation and disrupt mature biofilms was also evaluated. The concentration of volatile sulfur compounds (VSCs) was measured using a portable sulfide monitor before and after rinsing with S-PRG eluate or distilled water. The number of bacteria on the tongue surface was calculated using a portable bacterial counter before and after tongue scraping with S-PRG eluate or distilled water. RESULTS: No zone of inhibition was seen for S-PRG eluate against salivary microbiota under either aerobic or anaerobic conditions; however, treatment with ≥20\% S-PRG eluate was sufficient to suppress biofilm formation relative to untreated controls. Mature biofilms were significantly disrupted following treatment with ≥60\% S-PRG eluate relative to controls. Rinsing with S-PRG eluate significantly reduced the level of VSCs relative to baseline; this effect was not seen with distilled water alone. Waste fluids collected after oral rinsing with S-PRG eluate contained more bacteria than rinsing with distilled water alone. Finally, tongue scraping using S-PRG eluate was shown to significantly reduce the number of bacteria on the tongue surface. CONCLUSIONS: S-PRG eluate inhibits biofilm formation and disrupts mature biofilms, although its antibacterial activity is limited. Oral rinsing and tongue cleaning with S-PRG eluate may reduce oral malodor by effectively removing oral bacteria from the oral cavity. Copyright © 2014 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
This article was published in Arch Oral Biol
and referenced in Pharmaceutica Analytica Acta