Author(s): Fisher AD, Crowe MA, ONuallin EM, Monaghan ML, Prendiville DJ,
Abstract Share this page
Abstract The objective was to determine the effects of reducing the plasma cortisol rise in calves following castration on plasma ACTH concentrations, keyhole limpet hemocyanin (KLH)- and concanavalin A (Con A)-induced in vitro interferon (IFN)-gamma production, white blood cell (WBC) numbers, neutrophil:lymphocyte (N:L) ratio, plasma haptoglobin and fibrinogen concentrations, ADG, and ADFI. Forty 5-mo-old Friesian bull calves (169 +/- 1.7 kg) were assigned to four treatments: 1) control (CON); 2) oral metyrapone administration (MET); 3) surgical castration at 0 h on d 0 (SURG); and 4) oral metyrapone administration and surgical castration (MET+SURG). Cortisol, ACTH, IFN-gamma production, haptoglobin, fibrinogen, ADFI, and ADG were not different between CON and MET animals. The MET+SURG calves had lower (P < .001) peak and mean cortisol during .25 to 1.5 h than SURG animals, but area under the cortisol vs time curve from 0 to 12 h did not differ (P > .39) between SURG and MET+SURG calves. Peak ACTH concentrations and area under the ACTH vs time curve from 0 to 6 h were greater (P < .05) for MET+SURG than for SURG calves. There were no differences between MET+SURG and SURG animals in IFN-gamma production, WBC numbers, and ADFI. On d 1, MET+SURG and SURG animals had lower (P < .01) KLH- and Con A-induced IFN-gamma production and higher (P < .05) neutrophil numbers and N:L ratio compared with CON animals. Plasma haptoglobin on d 1 and 3 and fibrinogen concentrations on d 3 and 7 were elevated (P < .05) for MET+SURG and SURG compared with CON animals, whereas SURG animals had greater (P < .05) haptoglobin and fibrinogen concentrations than MET+SURG animals on d 7. The ADG of SURG calves was lower (P < .05) than that of MET+SURG calves during d 0 to 7. Metyrapone treatment partially suppressed cortisol and increased ACTH in castrated calves but did not alter the castration-induced suppression of IFN-gamma and increases in neutrophil numbers and the N:L ratio.
This article was published in J Anim Sci
and referenced in Andrology-Open Access