alexa Effects of suppressing cortisol following castration of bull calves on adrenocorticotropic hormone, in vitro interferon-gamma production, leukocytes, acute-phase proteins, growth, and feed intake.
Reproductive Medicine

Reproductive Medicine

Andrology-Open Access

Author(s): Fisher AD, Crowe MA, ONuallin EM, Monaghan ML, Prendiville DJ,

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Abstract The objective was to determine the effects of reducing the plasma cortisol rise in calves following castration on plasma ACTH concentrations, keyhole limpet hemocyanin (KLH)- and concanavalin A (Con A)-induced in vitro interferon (IFN)-gamma production, white blood cell (WBC) numbers, neutrophil:lymphocyte (N:L) ratio, plasma haptoglobin and fibrinogen concentrations, ADG, and ADFI. Forty 5-mo-old Friesian bull calves (169 +/- 1.7 kg) were assigned to four treatments: 1) control (CON); 2) oral metyrapone administration (MET); 3) surgical castration at 0 h on d 0 (SURG); and 4) oral metyrapone administration and surgical castration (MET+SURG). Cortisol, ACTH, IFN-gamma production, haptoglobin, fibrinogen, ADFI, and ADG were not different between CON and MET animals. The MET+SURG calves had lower (P < .001) peak and mean cortisol during .25 to 1.5 h than SURG animals, but area under the cortisol vs time curve from 0 to 12 h did not differ (P > .39) between SURG and MET+SURG calves. Peak ACTH concentrations and area under the ACTH vs time curve from 0 to 6 h were greater (P < .05) for MET+SURG than for SURG calves. There were no differences between MET+SURG and SURG animals in IFN-gamma production, WBC numbers, and ADFI. On d 1, MET+SURG and SURG animals had lower (P < .01) KLH- and Con A-induced IFN-gamma production and higher (P < .05) neutrophil numbers and N:L ratio compared with CON animals. Plasma haptoglobin on d 1 and 3 and fibrinogen concentrations on d 3 and 7 were elevated (P < .05) for MET+SURG and SURG compared with CON animals, whereas SURG animals had greater (P < .05) haptoglobin and fibrinogen concentrations than MET+SURG animals on d 7. The ADG of SURG calves was lower (P < .05) than that of MET+SURG calves during d 0 to 7. Metyrapone treatment partially suppressed cortisol and increased ACTH in castrated calves but did not alter the castration-induced suppression of IFN-gamma and increases in neutrophil numbers and the N:L ratio.
This article was published in J Anim Sci and referenced in Andrology-Open Access

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