alexa Effects of tamoxifen citrate on postoperative intra-abdominal adhesion in a rat model.

Author(s): Karaca T, Gzalan AU, Yolda , Bilgin B, Tezer A

Abstract Share this page

Abstract BACKGROUND/AIMS: The aim of this study was to evaluate the effects of oral tamoxifen citrate on postoperative intra-abdominal adhesions. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Forty five rats were randomly separated in to 3 groups. Group 1: Control group (15 rats), Group 2: tmx 1 group (15 rats) and Group 3: tmx 10 group (15 rats). The cecum was abraded with a sterile gauze until subserosal hemorrhage had developed. Full- thickness 4-0 silk sutures were also placed in the traumatized anterior cecal wall to increase the adhesive reaction. In Group 1 (control group), adhesion induction was performed and no treatment was given. In Group 2 (tmx 1 group), after adhesion induction, 1 mg/kg/day tamoxifen citrate was given by orogastric gavage. In Group 3 (tmx 10 group), adhesion induction was performed and 10 mg/kg/day tamoxifen citrate was given by orogastric gavage. Rats were sacrificed on postoperative day 30. At the time of second surgery, after the abdominal fascia had been opened blood samples were collected to evaluate serum TGFβ-1 levels and following the macroscopic adhesion scoring, tissue specimens of the bowel and adhesions were subjected to histopathological investigation. RESULTS: In group 1 and group 2 we detected higher scores for the macroscopic classification (2.25 ± 1.13 vs. 1.53 ± 0.77) and histopathological scores (2.72 ± 0.64 vs. 2.53 ± 0.87) for fibrosis and serum TGFβ-1 levels (42000 ± 2935 vs. 32988 ± 10804). In group 3 we have detected decreased scores for macroscopic classification (0.91 ± 0.51) and histopathological scores (1.58 ± 0.90) for fibrosis and serum TGFβ-1 levels (22847 ± 4976). There were no significant differences between group 1 and group 2 according to the macroscopic classification and pathological scores for fibrosis. There were statistically significant difference between tamoxifen 10 mg/kg group and the other groups according to macroscopic classification ( P: G1-3: 0.004; G2-3: 0.046), pathological scores for fibrosis (P: G1-3: 0.004; G2-3: 0.011) and serum TGFβ-1 levels (P: G1-3:<0.001). CONCLUSIONS: In conclusion tamoxifen citrate seems to be useful for preventing postoperative intra-abdominal adhesions. Its effects are in a dose and time dependent manner. Further studies must be carried out to use tamoxifen for preventing intra-abdominal postoperative adhesions in clinical practice. Copyright © 2012 Surgical Associates Ltd. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved. This article was published in Int J Surg and referenced in

Relevant Expert PPTs

Relevant Speaker PPTs

Recommended Conferences

Recommended Journals

Relevant Topics

Peer Reviewed Journals
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

Agri, Food, Aqua and Veterinary Science Journals

Dr. Krish

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Clinical and Biochemistry Journals

Datta A

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9037

Business & Management Journals


1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Chemical Engineering and Chemistry Journals

Gabriel Shaw

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Earth & Environmental Sciences

Katie Wilson

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Engineering Journals

James Franklin

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

General Science and Health care Journals

Andrea Jason

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9043

Genetics and Molecular Biology Journals

Anna Melissa

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9006

Immunology & Microbiology Journals

David Gorantl

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9014

Informatics Journals

Stephanie Skinner

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Material Sciences Journals

Rachle Green

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Mathematics and Physics Journals

Jim Willison

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

Medical Journals

Nimmi Anna

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9038

Neuroscience & Psychology Journals

Nathan T

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9041

Pharmaceutical Sciences Journals

John Behannon

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9007

Social & Political Science Journals

Steve Harry

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version