Author(s): Jiang D, Lawrence AL, Neill WH, Gong H
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Abstract Excretion rates of ammonia-N, nitrite-N, nitrate-N, and dissolved organic nitrogen (DON) for juvenile Litopenaeus vannamei (3.85+/-0.83 g) were quantified in response to nine different combinations of temperature (24, 28, and 32 degrees C) and salinity (10, 25, and 40 ppt) under laboratory conditions. Results indicated that L. vannamei is ammonotelic, with ammonia-N accounting for 61.9-84.3\% of total nitrogen (TN) excretion. There were significant effects of temperature and salinity, but no significant interaction between them, on ammonia-N excretion rate (R(AN)). R(AN) increased with increasing temperature, over the interval 24-32 degrees C. R(AN) was lower at 25 ppt than at 10 and 40 ppt, at all temperatures. DON excretion rate (R(DON)) was not significantly influenced by either temperature or salinity; the overall mean R(DON) was about 5.24 µg-N g -1 h -1. However, the percentages of DON in TN (P(DON)) varied from 15.4 to 36.4\% under the various temperature-salinity combinations. P(DON) at 28 and 32 degrees C was significantly lower than at 24 degrees C, and P(DON) at 10 ppt was significantly lower than at 25 and 40 ppt. Only very small amounts of nitrogen were excreted by L. vannamei as nitrite-N and nitrate-N.
This article was published in J Exp Mar Bio Ecol
and referenced in Journal of Aquaculture Research & Development