Author(s): Su J, Renaud N, Carayon A, Crozatier B, Hittinger L
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Abstract 1. Calcium channel blockers increase cardiovascular morbidity and mortality in patients with left ventricular dysfunction. These adverse effects are probably related to the negative inotropic effect of calcium channel blockers and/or a neurohormonal activation. 2. The present study was designed to examine, in conscious dogs, the acute haemodynamic and sympathetic effects of diltiazem and Ro 40-5967 (a novel calcium channel blocker) in the control state and in heart failure. 3. Thirteen dogs were instrumented with a micromanometer and an aortic catheter. After completion of experiments in the control state, heart failure was induced by right ventricular pacing (250 beats min-1, 3 weeks). Diltiazem and Ro 40-5967 were given intravenously (0.8 mg kg-1 and 1.0 mg kg-1 respectively). Cardiac output was measured by a thermodilution technique. 4. In the control state, both agents decreased similarly mean aortic pressure with significant increases in heart rate, cardiac output (both +1.0 l min-1 and P < 0.001) and plasma noradrenaline (both +55\%) without changes in left ventricular dP/dtmax. In heart failure, for matched decreases in mean aortic pressure, neither diltiazem nor Ro 40-5967 changed heart rate significantly; diltiazem decreased cardiac output (-0.3 l min-1, P < 0.02) and dP/dtmax (-14\%, P < 0.001) while Ro 40-5967 still increased cardiac output (+0.3 l min-1, P < 0.02) although the increased amount was smaller than in the control state. Plasma noradrenaline level was increased more during diltiazem infusion (+120\%) than during Ro 40-5967 infusion (+38\%, P < 0.001). 5. Diltiazem and Ro 40-5967 have similar haemodynamic and sympathetic effects in the control state.Heart failure alters haemodynamic and sympathetic responses to both calcium channel blockers but the magnitude of the alteration appears to be different. Diltiazem exerts a depressant effect on cardiac function which cannot be overcome by its vasodilator effect and sympathetic stimulation, while Ro 40-5967 has little effect on cardiac function. These data suggest that novel calcium channel blockers with less depressant effect may not be detrimental in heart failure.
This article was published in Br J Pharmacol
and referenced in Anatomy & Physiology: Current Research