Author(s): Harris CE, Murray AM, Anderson JM, Grounds RM, Morgan M
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Abstract The haemodynamic response to tracheal intubation was compared in 303 patients in whom anaesthesia was induced with either thiopentone 4 mg/kg, etomidate 0.3 mg/kg or propofol 2.5 mg/kg, with and without fentanyl 2 micrograms/kg. There was after propofol alone a significant decrease in arterial blood pressure, which did not increase above control values after intubation. Significant increases in arterial pressure followed intubation in patients induced with thiopentone or etomidate alone. Increases in heart rate occurred with all agents after laryngoscopy. The use of fentanyl resulted in arterial pressures lower than those after the induction agent alone, and in an attenuation, but not abolition of the responses to laryngoscopy and intubation.
This article was published in Anaesthesia
and referenced in Journal of Anesthesia & Clinical Research