Author(s): Daendee S, Thongsong B, KalandakanondThongsong S
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Abstract Ovariectomized animals have frequently been used to study the effects of estrogen deficiency on mood disorders, particularly anxiety disorder. However, a range of results including anxiolytic, anxiogenic, and no behavioral effects have been reported. One discrepancy was the different in behavioral testing time following ovariectomized; therefore, the aim of this study was to examine the effects of time of estrogen deprivation on anxiety-like behavior and on GABAA receptor subunit gene expressions in ovariectomized rats. The GABAA receptor was of special interest as it had been shown to be influenced by estrogen. In this study, adult female Wistar rats were ovariectomized and randomly assigned into 2 groups: ovariectomized-rat (Ovx) and ovariectomized-rat treated with estrogen (E2) at the dosage of 1μg/kg BW. At 7, 14, 21 and 28 days after ovariectomy, the rats were tested with elevated T-maze (ETM) and open field. We found that after ovariectomy, the Ovx showed signs of anxiety as demonstrated by the increased in inhibitory avoidance latency in the ETM with significant effect at day 21 and even higher at day 28. On the other hand, the escape latency was not differed between each time point. These behavioral data implied that the anxiety in term of generalized anxiety disorder as interpreted from impaired inhibitory avoidance in the ETM was affected by estrogen depletion; while, the anxiety disorder in term of panic disorder as shown by escape latency was unaffected. For gene expression analysis, the GABAA receptor α2-, α3- and α4-subunits in Ovx groups were significantly increased in the midbrain compared to E2 groups; whereas, in the amygdala, the gene expressions were not different between Ovx and E2 groups. In conclusion, these results indicated that ovariectomized as early as 21 day can induce anxiety and the altered GABAA receptor subunit may be partially responsible for anxiety following estrogen deprivation. Copyright © 2013 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
This article was published in Behav Brain Res
and referenced in Journal of Depression and Anxiety