alexa Effects of trunk exertion force and direction on postural control of the trunk during unstable sitting.
General Science

General Science

Journal of Forensic Biomechanics

Author(s): Lee H, Granata KP, Madigan ML

Abstract Share this page

Abstract BACKGROUND: Pushing and pulling exertions have been implicated as risk factors of low-back disorders. In an attempt to investigate the mechanisms by which pushing and pulling influence risk for low-back disorders, the goal of this study was to investigate the effects of trunk exertion force and exertion direction on postural control of the trunk during unstable sitting. METHODS: Seat movements were recorded while subjects maintained a seated posture on a wobbly chair against different exertion forces (0N, 40N, and 80N) and exertion directions (trunk flexion and extension). Postural control of the trunk was assessed from kinematic variability (root-mean-squared amplitude and 95\% ellipse area) and non-linear stability analyses (stability diffusion exponent and maximum finite-time Lyapunov exponent). FINDINGS: Kinematic variability and non-linear stability estimates increased as exertion force increased including root-mean-squared amplitude (P<0.001), 95\% ellipse area (P<0.001), stability diffusion exponent (P=0.042), and maximum finite-time Lyapunov exponent (P<0.001). A subset of measures indicated postural control of the trunk was poorer during flexion exertions compared to extension exertions including root-mean-squared amplitude (P<0.001), 95\% ellipse area (P=0.046), and maximum finite-time Lyapunov exponent (P=0.002). INTERPRETATION: Trunk exertion force and exertion direction affect postural control of the trunk. This study may aid in understanding how pushing and pulling exertions can potentially contribute to low-back disorders. This article was published in Clin Biomech (Bristol, Avon) and referenced in Journal of Forensic Biomechanics

Relevant Expert PPTs

Relevant Speaker PPTs

Recommended Conferences

Peer Reviewed Journals
 
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
 
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

 
© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version
adwords