alexa Efficacy and proarrhythmic hazards of pharmacologic cardioversion of atrial fibrillation: prospective comparison of sotalol versus quinidine.


Arrhythmia: Open Access

Author(s): Hohnloser SH, van de Loo A, Baedeker F

Abstract Share this page


This study compared the efficacy and safety of sotalol and quinidine for conversion and prevention of recurrent atrial fibrillation.


Atrial fibrillation is the most common arrhythmia. Pharmacologic therapy has been advocated for both immediate restoration of sinus rhythm and prevention of recurrent atrial fibrillation. Quinidine is the therapeutic mainstay for both purposes, but its safety has recently been questioned. Although sotalol has been used successfully to maintain sinus rhythm after direct current cardioversion, its efficacy in pharmacologically reverting atrial fibrillation has not been examined.


Fifty consecutive patients with persistent atrial fibrillation were randomized to receive quinidine or sotalol for up to 7 days to restore sinus rhythm. Patients were followed up for 6 months.


Quinidine was more effective than sotalol in terminating atrial fibrillation (60% vs. 20%, p = 0.009). When nonresponders to drug therapy underwent subsequent direct current cardioversion, total conversion rates in the quinidine and sotalol groups were comparable (88% vs. 68%, p = 0.17), as was the efficacy of the two drugs in preventing recurrent atrial fibrillation. Side effects necessitating drug discontinuation were more often observed with quinidine. No patient receiving sotalol but four patients receiving quinidine had drug-associated arrhythmia (torsade de pointes in three patients, sustained ventricular tachycardia in one patient). Precordial QT dispersion determined on the surface electrocardiogram (ECG) increased with quinidine (mean +/- SD 34 +/- 9 vs. 44 +/- 16 ms, p = 0.02), indicating enhanced inhomogeneity in ventricular repolarization. There was no change in QT dispersion in patients receiving sotalol (36 +/- 18 vs. 40 +/- 17 ms, p = 0.44).


Quinidine is more effective than sotalol in terminating atrial fibrillation but is associated with more side effects. The proarrhythmic risk may be related to quinidine's propensity to increase disparity in ventricular repolarization. This risk warrants careful ECG monitoring during the 1st 4 to 7 days of therapy. Because most proarrhythmic effects occurred shortly after restoration of sinus rhythm, observation should continue > or = 2 to 3 days after sinus rhythm is reestablished.

This article was published in J Am Coll Cardiol. and referenced in Arrhythmia: Open Access

Relevant Expert PPTs

Relevant Speaker PPTs

Peer Reviewed Journals
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

Agri, Food, Aqua and Veterinary Science Journals

Dr. Krish

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Clinical and Biochemistry Journals

Datta A

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9037

Business & Management Journals


[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Chemical Engineering and Chemistry Journals

Gabriel Shaw

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Earth & Environmental Sciences

Katie Wilson

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Engineering Journals

James Franklin

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

General Science and Health care Journals

Andrea Jason

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9043

Genetics and Molecular Biology Journals

Anna Melissa

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9006

Immunology & Microbiology Journals

David Gorantl

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9014

Informatics Journals

Stephanie Skinner

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Material Sciences Journals

Rachle Green

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Mathematics and Physics Journals

Jim Willison

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

Medical Journals

Nimmi Anna

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9038

Neuroscience & Psychology Journals

Nathan T

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9041

Pharmaceutical Sciences Journals

John Behannon

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9007

Social & Political Science Journals

Steve Harry

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version