alexa Efficacy and safety of sildenafil citrate in the treatment of erectile dysfunction in patients with ischemic heart disease.
Cardiology

Cardiology

Journal of Hypertension: Open Access

Author(s): Conti CR, Pepine CJ, Sweeney M

Abstract Share this page

Abstract Erectile dysfunction is a common condition in men with cardiovascular disease, probably as a result of shared factors that impair hemodynamic mechanisms in the penile and ischemic vasculature. Sildenafil citrate, an orally active, selective inhibitor of phosphodiesterase type 5 (PDE5), has demonstrated excellent efficacy and safety profiles in men with erectile dysfunction of various etiologies. Sildenafil administration is contraindicated in patients who are taking nitrates or nitric oxide donors. This retrospective subanalysis of data from double-blind, placebo-controlled studies assessed the efficacy (9 studies) and safety (11 studies) of sildenafil in patients with erectile dysfunction and ischemic heart disease who were not taking nitrates. Of 3,672 patients randomized to receive sildenafil (5-200 mg) or placebo for 4-24 weeks in 11 double-blind, placebo-controlled studies, 357 (10\%) reported a history (past or present) of ischemic heart disease and were not taking nitrates. Efficacy was assessed using end-of-treatment responses to Question 3 (ability to achieve an erection) and Question 4 (ability to maintain an erection) of the International Index of Erectile Function (IIEF), scores for the 5 domains of male sexual function assessed by the IIEF (erectile function, orgasmic function, sexual desire, intercourse satisfaction, and overall satisfaction), and responses to a global efficacy question ("Did the treatment improve your erections?"). The responses to the 2 IIEF questions were graded on a scale of 1 (almost never or never) to 5 (almost always or always), with a score of 0 indicating no attempt at sexual intercourse. At the end of treatment, the mean scores for Question 3 and Question 4 of the IIEF for patients with erectile dysfunction and ischemic heart disease were significantly higher for the sildenafil group than for the placebo group (p <0.0001). Mean end-of-treatment scores for the IIEF domains also demonstrated significant increases for sildenafil-treated patients compared with those receiving placebo (p <0.05). At the end of treatment, improved erections were reported by 70\% of patients who received sildenafil and by 20\% of those in the placebo group p <0.0001). For the sildenafil group, the incidences of the most common adverse events (headache 25\%, flushing 14\%, and dyspepsia 12\%) for patients with ischemic heart disease were similar to those in patients without this concomitant illness (21\%, 15\%, and 10\%, respectively). Moreover, the overall incidence of cardiovascular adverse events other than flushing was comparable in patients with and without ischemic heart disease for both treatment groups. Since there is a degree of cardiac risk associated with sexual activity, clinicians should consider the patient's cardiovascular status before initiating any treatment for erectile dysfunction. Physicians should be aware that patients with underlying cardiovascular disease could be adversely affected by the vasodilator effects of sildenafil, especially in combination with sexual activity. The results of the present subanalysis indicate that oral sildenafil significantly improves erectile function and is well tolerated in patients with erectile dysfunction and ischemic heart disease who are not taking nitrate therapy.
This article was published in Am J Cardiol and referenced in Journal of Hypertension: Open Access

Relevant Expert PPTs

Relevant Speaker PPTs

Recommended Conferences

Peer Reviewed Journals
 
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
 
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

Agri, Food, Aqua and Veterinary Science Journals

Dr. Krish

agrifoodaquavet@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Clinical and Biochemistry Journals

Datta A

clinical_biochem@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9037

Business & Management Journals

Ronald

business@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Chemical Engineering and Chemistry Journals

Gabriel Shaw

chemicaleng_chemistry@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Earth & Environmental Sciences

Katie Wilson

environmentalsci@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Engineering Journals

James Franklin

engineering@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

General Science and Health care Journals

Andrea Jason

generalsci_healthcare@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9043

Genetics and Molecular Biology Journals

Anna Melissa

genetics_molbio@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9006

Immunology & Microbiology Journals

David Gorantl

immuno_microbio@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9014

Informatics Journals

Stephanie Skinner

omics@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Material Sciences Journals

Rachle Green

materialsci@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Mathematics and Physics Journals

Jim Willison

mathematics_physics@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

Medical Journals

Nimmi Anna

medical@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9038

Neuroscience & Psychology Journals

Nathan T

neuro_psychology@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9041

Pharmaceutical Sciences Journals

John Behannon

pharma@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9007

Social & Political Science Journals

Steve Harry

social_politicalsci@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

 
© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version