alexa Efficacy of 3 commonly used hearing aid circuits: A crossover trial. NIDCD VA Hearing Aid Clinical Trial Group.


Journal of Communication Disorders, Deaf Studies & Hearing Aids

Author(s): Larson VD, Williams DW, Henderson WG, Luethke LE, Beck LB,

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Abstract CONTEXT: Numerous studies have demonstrated that hearing aids provide significant benefit for a wide range of sensorineural hearing loss, but no carefully controlled, multicenter clinical trials comparing hearing aid efficacy have been conducted. OBJECTIVE: To compare the benefits provided to patients with sensorineural hearing loss by 3 commonly used hearing aid circuits. DESIGN: Double-blind, 3-period, 3-treatment crossover trial conducted from May 1996 to February 1998. SETTING: Eight audiology laboratories at Department of Veterans Affairs medical centers across the United States. PATIENTS: A sample of 360 patients with bilateral sensorineural hearing loss (mean age, 67.2 years; 57\% male; 78.6\% white). INTERVENTION: Patients were randomly assigned to 1 of 6 sequences of linear peak clipper (PC), compression limiter (CL), and wide dynamic range compressor (WDRC) hearing aid circuits. All patients wore each of the 3 hearing aids, which were installed in identical casements, for 3 months. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Results of tests of speech recognition, sound quality, and subjective hearing aid benefit, administered at baseline and after each 3-month intervention with and without a hearing aid. At the end of the experiment, patients ranked the 3 hearing aid circuits. RESULTS: Each circuit markedly improved speech recognition, with greater improvement observed for soft and conversationally loud speech (all 52-dB and 62-dB conditions, P This article was published in JAMA and referenced in Journal of Communication Disorders, Deaf Studies & Hearing Aids

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