Author(s): Endo N, Kato S, Haruyama K, Shoji M, Kitano S
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Abstract PURPOSE: To compare the efficacy of bromfenac sodium ophthalmic solution (BF) and a steroidal solution (ST) administered prophylactically against cystoid macular oedema and anterior-chamber inflammation after phacoemulsification and intraocular lens implantation and to assess macular thickness changes using optical coherence tomography (OCT). METHODS: In this prospective study, 62 eyes of 62 patients were randomized to either the BF group (n=31) or the ST group (n =31). The average perifoveal thickness (AFT) was measured by OCT preoperatively, and 1 day and 1, 2, 4 and 6 weeks postoperatively. The best-corrected visual acuity, intraocular pressure and flare in the anterior chamber were recorded at each visit. The same method was used to compare patients with non-proliferative diabetic retinopathy (NPDR) in the BF (n = 16) and ST (n =11) groups. RESULTS: In the analysis of all patients, flare in the anterior chamber was significantly (p = 0.007) lower in the BF group 2 weeks postoperatively. In patients with NPDR, the anterior chamber flare values were significantly lower in the BF group at 4 weeks (p = 0.0009) and 6 weeks (p = 0.005). The AFT values were significantly lower in the BF group at 4 weeks (p < 0.0001) and 6 weeks (p < 0.0001). No adverse events occurred in either group. CONCLUSION: BF suppressed anterior chamber inflammation and increasing retinal thickening after cataract surgery in patients with NPDR. © 2009 The Authors. Journal compilation © 2009 Acta Ophthalmol.
This article was published in Acta Ophthalmol
and referenced in Journal of Clinical & Experimental Ophthalmology