Author(s): MacedoSoares MB, Moreno RA, Rigonatti SP, Lafer B
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Abstract The response to electroconvulsive therapy for six bipolar patients after pharmacotherapy failure is discussed. METHODS: Inclusion criteria were as follows: (1) bipolar mood disorder, manic, depressive or mixed episode (DSM-IV); (2) failure of pharmacotherapy, that is, for mania, manic episode unresponsive to at least 2 adequate antimanic trials for 6 weeks; and for bipolar depression, bipolar depressive episode unresponsive to at least 2 adequate antidepressant trials for 8 weeks. The patients underwent 12 bilateral sessions of ECT 3 times per week. Clinical response was considered a reduction of 50\% or greater in the Young Mania Rating Scale (YMRS) and in the Hamilton Rating Scale for Depression-21 items (HAMD-21). Final YMRS <6 and HAMD-21 <8 defined remission. RESULTS: Six of the 9 referred patients consented to be submitted to ECT. Four were male, with ages ranging from 29 to 61 years, and their age at onset ranged from 19 to 49 years. Four showed psychotic features. All responded to ECT.
This article was published in J ECT
and referenced in Journal of Sleep Disorders & Therapy