alexa Efficacy of methylphenidate for adults with attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder: a meta-regression analysis.
Pharmaceutical Sciences

Pharmaceutical Sciences

Pharmacoeconomics: Open Access

Author(s): Castells X, RamosQuiroga JA, Rigau D, Bosch R, Nogueira M,

Abstract Share this page

Abstract BACKGROUND: The efficacy of methylphenidate for adults with attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) shows wide between-study variability, which yields heterogeneous results in meta-analysis. The reasons for this variability have not been comprehensively investigated. OBJECTIVES: To determine the influence of treatment-related covariates of methylphenidate for adults with ADHD by means of meta-analysis. Clinical and methodological moderators and clinical trial reporting quality were also collected to control for their potential confounding effect. METHODS: We searched for randomized, placebo-controlled clinical trials investigating the efficacy of methylphenidate for adults with ADHD. The study outcome was the efficacy of methylphenidate for reducing ADHD symptom severity. Treatment-related covariates included dose, type of drug-release formulation (formulations with a continuous drug release vs those with a non-continuous drug release), dose regimen (fixed vs flexible) and treatment length. Clinical (presence of co-morbid substance use disorders [SUD]) and methodological (design and rater) covariates were also collected, in addition to clinical trial reporting quality. The standardized mean difference (SMD) was calculated for each study. The analysis of the influence of methylphenidate effect modifiers was performed by means of random-effects meta-regression. RESULTS: Eighteen studies were included. Dose, type of formulation and SUD appeared to modify the efficacy of methylphenidate in the bivariate analysis. These variables were included in a multivariate meta-regression, which showed that methylphenidate, at an average dose of 57.4 mg/day, delivered by means of non-continuous-release formulations, had a moderate effect on ADHD symptoms compared with placebo (SMD 0.57-0.58). A dose-response relationship was found, indicating that efficacy could be increased by SMD 0.11-0.12 for every 10 mg increment of methylphenidate. Continuous-release formulations and co-morbid SUD appeared to reduce the efficacy of methylphenidate. Nevertheless, the effect of treatment formulation may have been confounded by co-morbid SUD, since all studies using this continuous-release formulation were conducted in dual ADHD-SUD patients. No residual heterogeneity was found. CONCLUSIONS: This study shows that methylphenidate improves ADHD symptoms in adults in a dose-dependent fashion. The efficacy of methylphenidate appears to be reduced in patients with co-morbid SUD. It is unclear whether methylphenidate efficacy is influenced by the type of formulation, because the effect of this covariate is confounded by that of co-morbid SUD. This article was published in CNS Drugs and referenced in Pharmacoeconomics: Open Access

Relevant Topics

Peer Reviewed Journals
 
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
 
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

Agri, Food, Aqua and Veterinary Science Journals

Dr. Krish

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Clinical and Biochemistry Journals

Datta A

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9037

Business & Management Journals

Ronald

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Chemical Engineering and Chemistry Journals

Gabriel Shaw

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Earth & Environmental Sciences

Katie Wilson

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Engineering Journals

James Franklin

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

General Science and Health care Journals

Andrea Jason

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9043

Genetics and Molecular Biology Journals

Anna Melissa

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9006

Immunology & Microbiology Journals

David Gorantl

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9014

Informatics Journals

Stephanie Skinner

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Material Sciences Journals

Rachle Green

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Mathematics and Physics Journals

Jim Willison

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

Medical Journals

Nimmi Anna

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9038

Neuroscience & Psychology Journals

Nathan T

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9041

Pharmaceutical Sciences Journals

John Behannon

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9007

Social & Political Science Journals

Steve Harry

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

 
© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version
adwords