Author(s): Fine KD, Lee EL
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Abstract BACKGROUND & AIMS: The pathogenesis of the microscopic colitis syndrome is unknown but may involve bacteria, an intestinal luminal antigen, and/or autoimmunity. It was hypothesized that bismuth subsalicylate would resolve both diarrhea and colonic inflammation in microscopic colitis because it possesses antidiarrheal, antibacterial, and anti-inflammatory properties. METHODS: Thirteen patients with microscopic colitis (7 with subepithelial collagen deposition and 6 without) were treated with eight chewable 262-mg bismuth subsalicylate tablets per day for 8 weeks. Patients recorded the frequency of bowel movements daily. Forty-eight-hour stool collections and flexible sigmoidoscopy with 24 biopsies were performed before and after treatment in each patient. RESULTS: Twelve patients completed the trial. Eleven patients had a resolution of diarrhea and a reduction in fecal weight. The average time to respond was 2 weeks. In 9 patients, colitis resolved. When present before treatment, subepithelial collagen thickening disappeared. Those completing the trial experienced no side effects. Posttreatment follow-up for 7-28 months shows that 9 patients remain well having undergone no further treatment, 2 are well but required retreatment, and 1 has continued diarrhea. CONCLUSIONS: Bismuth subsalicylate treatment for 8 weeks is safe and well tolerated. This regimen appears to be efficacious for the treatment of microscopic colitis and is worthy of further study in a controlled trial.
This article was published in Gastroenterology
and referenced in International Journal of Inflammation, Cancer and Integrative Therapy