Author(s): Margesin R, Schinner F
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Abstract Biodegradation of diesel oil (5 g(middot)kg [soil dry weight](sup-1)) was investigated in five alpine subsoils, differing in soil type and bedrock, in laboratory experiments during 20 days at 10(deg)C. The biodegradation activities of the indigenous soil microorganisms and of a psychrotrophic diesel oil-degrading inoculum and the effect of biostimulation by inorganic fertilization (C/N/P ratio = 100:10:2) were determined. Fertilization significantly enhanced diesel oil biodegradation activity of the indigenous soil microorganisms. Biostimulation by fertilization enhanced diesel oil biodegradation to a significantly greater degree than bioaugmentation with the psychrotrophic inoculum. In none of the five soils did fertilization plus inoculation result in a higher decontamination than fertilization alone. A total of 16 to 23\% of the added diesel oil contamination was lost by abiotic processes. Total decontamination without and with fertilization was in the range of 16 to 31 and 27 to 53\%, respectively.
This article was published in Appl Environ Microbiol
and referenced in Journal of Petroleum & Environmental Biotechnology