Author(s): Fukui T, Doi Y
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Abstract The ability of Alcaligenes eutrophus to grow and produce polyhydroxyalkanoates (PHA) on plant oils was evaluated. When olive oil, corn oil, or palm oil was fed as a sole carbon source, the wild-type strain of A. eutrophus grew well and accumulated poly(3-hydroxybutyrate) homopolymer up to approximately 80\% (w/w) of the cell dry weight during its stationary growth phase. In addition, a recombinant strain of A. eutrophus PHB-4 (a PHA-negative mutant), harboring a PHA synthase gene from Aeromonas caviae, was revealed to produce a random copolyester of 3-hydroxybutyrate and 3-hydroxyhexanoate from these plant oils with a high cellular content (approximately 80\% w/w). The mole fraction of 3-hydroxyhexanoate units was 4-5 mol\% whatever the structure of the triglycerides fed. The polyesters produced by the A. eutrophus strains from olive oil were 200-400 kDa (the number-average molecular mass). The results demonstrate that renewable and inexpensive plant oils are excellent carbon sources for efficient production of PHA using A. eutrophus strains.
This article was published in Appl Microbiol Biotechnol
and referenced in Journal of Microbial & Biochemical Technology