Author(s): Bindl DJ, Wu MY, Prehn FC, Arnold MS
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Abstract We have employed thin films of highly purified semiconducting carbon nanotubes as near-infrared optical absorbers in heterojunction photovoltaic and photodetector devices with the electron acceptor C(60). In comparison with previous implementations of more electrically heterogeneous carbon nanotube/C(60) devices, we have realized a 10× gain in zero-bias quantum efficiency (QE) and even more substantial gains in power conversion efficiency (η(p)). The semiconducting nanotube/C(60) heterojunctions are highly rectifying with a peak external QE, internal QE, and η(p) of 12.9 ± 1.3, 91 ± 22, and 0.6\%, respectively, in the near-infrared. We show that the device efficiency is determined by the effective length scale for exciton migration in the nanotube films, confirm the high internal QE via photoluminescence quenching, and demonstrate that the driving force for exciton dissociation at the fullerene-fullerene heterointerface is optimized for diameters <1.0 nm. These results will guide the development of next-generation high-performance carbon nanotube-based solar cells and photosensitive devices.
This article was published in Nano Lett
and referenced in Journal of Nanomedicine & Nanotechnology