alexa EFNS guidelines for diagnosis, therapy and prevention of Wernicke encephalopathy.
Toxicology

Toxicology

Journal of Clinical Toxicology

Author(s): Galvin R, Brthen G, Ivashynka A, Hillbom M, Tanasescu R,

Abstract Share this page

Abstract BACKGROUND: Although Wernicke encephalopathy (WE) is a preventable and treatable disease it still often remains undiagnosed during life. OBJECTIVES: To create practical guidelines for diagnosis, management and prevention of the disease. METHODS: We searched MEDLINE, EMBASE, LILACS, Cochrane Library. CONCLUSIONS AND RECOMMENDATIONS: 1 The clinical diagnosis of WE should take into account the different presentations of clinical signs between alcoholics and non alcoholics (Recommendation Level C); although prevalence is higher in alcoholics, WE should be suspected in all clinical conditions which could lead to thiamine deficiency (good practice point - GPP). 2 The clinical diagnosis of WE in alcoholics requires two of the following four signs; (i) dietary deficiencies (ii) eye signs, (iii) cerebellar dysfunction, and (iv) either an altered mental state or mild memory impairment (Level B). 3 Total thiamine in blood sample should be measured immediately before its administration (GPP). 4 MRI should be used to support the diagnosis of acute WE both in alcoholics and non alcoholics (Level B). 5 Thiamine is indicated for the treatment of suspected or manifest WE. It should be given, before any carbohydrate, 200 mg thrice daily, preferably intravenously (Level C). 6 The overall safety of thiamine is very good (Level B). 7 After bariatric surgery we recommend follow-up of thiamine status for at least 6 months (Level B) and parenteral thiamine supplementation (GPP). 8 Parenteral thiamine should be given to all at-risk subjects admitted to the Emergency Room (GPP). 9 Patients dying from symptoms suggesting WE should have an autopsy (GPP). © 2010 The Author(s). European Journal of Neurology © 2010 EFNS. This article was published in Eur J Neurol and referenced in Journal of Clinical Toxicology

Relevant Expert PPTs

Relevant Speaker PPTs

Recommended Conferences

Relevant Topics

Peer Reviewed Journals
 
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
 
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

 
© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version
adwords