alexa EIS-based biosensor for ultra-sensitive detection of TNF-α from non-diluted human serum.
Engineering

Engineering

Journal of Biosensors & Bioelectronics

Author(s): Kongsuphol P, Ng HH, Pursey JP, Arya SK, Wong CC,

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Abstract Serum background is a critical issue for biosensor development as it interferes with the detection of target molecules and may give rise to false positive signal. We present here highly sensitive and selective TNF-α biosensor which is able to detect TNF-α from non-diluted human serum using magnetic bead coupled antibody and electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS) techniques. The process is designed to detect TNF-α from human serum in three stages; (1) abundant protein backgrounds are depleted from the serum using magnetic bead coupled albumin and IgG antibodies, (2) after background depletion TNF-α is captured using magnetic bead coupled TNF-α antibody, and (3) the captured TNF-α is eluted from the magnetic beads and measured using EIS technique in which comb structured gold microelectrodes array (CSGM) is utilized to enhance the detection sensitivity. The system is able to achieve the limit of detection (LOD) at 1 pg/ml (57 fM) and a linear relationship between increasing TNF-α concentrations and charge-transfer resistance in a dynamic range of 1-1000 pg/ml. Copyright © 2014 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved. This article was published in Biosens Bioelectron and referenced in Journal of Biosensors & Bioelectronics

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