Author(s): Miroslav Pohanka, Petr Skldal
The first scientifically proposed as well as successf ully commercialized biosensors were those based on electrochemical sensors for multiple analytes. Electro chemical biosensors have been studied for a long time. Currently, transducers based on semiconductors and screen printed electrodes represent a typical platform for the construction of biosensors. Enzymes or enzyme labeled antibodies are the most common biorecognition components of biosensors. The principl es of, and the most typical applications for electrochemical biosensors are described in this revi ew. The relevant systems are divided into three types according to the operating principle governing their method of measurement: potentiometric, amperometric and impedimetric transducers, and the representative devices are described for each group. Some of the most typical assays are also mentioned in the text.