alexa Electrochemical control of solid phase micro-extraction: conducting polymer coated film material applicable for preconcentration analysis of neutral species.


Chemical Sciences Journal

Author(s): Yates BJ, Temsamani KR, Ceylan O, Oztemiz S, Gbatu TP,

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Abstract Exploitation of the physical, chemical and electrically conductive properties of poly(3-dodecylthiophene) (P3DDT) for the preconcentration and release in solid phase microextraction (SPME) of organometallic arsenobetaine (AsB) from aqueous media was investigated. Hydrophobic interactions between this neutral arsenic species and an undoped polythiophene (no applied potential) with n-substituted alkyl groups (n=12) in the three position were used for the diffusion-controlled preconcentration. After absorption into the polymer matrix, the chemical properties of this conductive polymer were changed by applying an external potential. This potential provides a sufficient driving force for desorption of the analyte from the extraction phase into an aqueous solution for subsequent analysis. The applied positive potential oxidizes the polymer to its charged hydrophilic state, which releases the neutral analyte. The concentration and speciation of the analyte from the sample matrix was analyzed by HPLC coupled to an ICP-MS. The diffusion-controlled uptake was fast (equilibrium attained within minutes) and did not require pretreatment of the analyte. The electrochemically-controlled release of the analyte is also very rapid (within minutes). This conducting polymer film system, therefore, can offer analytical applications for the convenient preconcentration and subsequent analysis of neutral environmental species.
This article was published in Talanta and referenced in Chemical Sciences Journal

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