alexa Electrochemical immunoassay: an ultrasensitive method.
Chemical Engineering

Chemical Engineering

Journal of Analytical & Bioanalytical Techniques

Author(s): Halsall HB, Heineman WR

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Abstract Hydrodynamic electrochemical techniques such as liquid chromatography and flow injection analysis with electrochemical detection are very effective for the rapid determination of the enzyme-generated product in enzyme immunoassays. The authors have used this detection method in various assay formats using both alkaline phosphatase and glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase as labels. Assays for digoxin will be used illustratively. Recently, the authors have used 70 mL microcapillary hematocrit tubes as the immunoassay reaction vessel and alkaline phosphatase as the labeling enzyme. The assay, complete in 30 min, had a detection limit of 5,6 x 10 -20 moles of IgG in serum. The linear range was four orders of magnitude. This low detection limit is due to a combination of the favorable geometry of the reaction vessel and the suppression of nonspecific adsorption by the addition of ion-pairing blocking agents. Even lower detectable amounts should be achievable with smaller reaction vessels. The capability for detecting such small amounts of analyte is potentially useful for the analysis of extremely small samples such as single cells and blood samples from premature infants.
This article was published in J Int Fed Clin Chem and referenced in Journal of Analytical & Bioanalytical Techniques

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