Author(s): Chatzisymeon E, Dimou A, Mantzavinos D, Katsaounis A
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Abstract The electrochemical oxidation of olive mill wastewater (OMW) and model compounds over a Ti/IrO(2) anode was studied by means of cyclic voltammetry and bulk electrolysis. Experiments were conducted at 1300 mg/L initial COD, 0-1.23V vs SHE and 1.4-1.54V vs SHE potential windows, 50 mA/cm(2) current density, 0-25 mM NaCl, 60-80 degrees C temperature and acidic conditions. The reactivity of model compounds decreases in the order phenol approximately p-coumaric acid>cinnamic acid>caffeic acid. Partial and total oxidation reactions occur with the overall rate following zero-order kinetics with respect to COD and increasing with temperature. Oxidation of OMW at 43 Ah/L, 80 degrees C and in the presence of 5mM NaCl leads to complete color and phenols removal, elimination of ecotoxicity but moderate (30\%) COD reduction. Similar performance can be achieved at 6 Ah/L in the presence of 15 mM NaCl. In the absence of salt, the respective color and phenols removal (at 6 Ah/L) is less than 10\%. Excessive salinity (25 mM), although does not change color, phenols and COD removal, has an adverse effect on ecotoxicity.
This article was published in J Hazard Mater
and referenced in International Journal of Waste Resources