alexa Electrochemical study of nisoldipine: analytical application in pharmaceutical forms and photodegradation.
Pharmaceutical Sciences

Pharmaceutical Sciences

Pharmaceutica Analytica Acta

Author(s): AlvarezLueje A, Naranjo L, NezVergara LJ, Squella JA

Abstract Share this page

Abstract The anodic and cathodic behavior of nisoldipine, 3-isobutyl-5-methyl-1,4-dihydro-2,6-dimethyl-4-(2-nitrophenyl)pyridine-3 ,5-dicarboxylate, are reported. This drug belongs to the nitroaryl-1,4-dihydropyridine family, known as calcium channel antagonist and employed in therapeuticalls as peripheral and cerebral vasodilators, in the treatment of the arterial hypertension. The cathodic response corresponds to the reduction of the nitroaromatic group to generate the hydroxylamine derivative. The study by dc and d.p.p. reveals the appearance of four signals depending on pH: Signal I (pH 1-11.5) R - NO2 + 4H+ + 4e- --> R - NHOH + H2O; Signal II (pH 1-5) R - N+H2OH + 2H+ + 2e- --> RN+H3 + H2O; Signal III (pH > 11.5) R - NO2 + e- <--> R - NO2.-; Signal IV (pH > 11.5) R - NO2.- + 3e- + 4H+ --> R - NHOH. In contrast, the anodic response corresponds to the oxidation of the 1,4-dihydropyridine ring to generate the corresponding pyridine derivative. Both, cathodic (d.p.p.) and anodic signals (d.p.v.) were employed to develop analytical methodology for the determination of the drug. The repeatability of the measurements for both methods was adequate with R.S.D. of 1.4\% (n = 10) and 2.1\% (n = 10) for d.p.p. and d.p.v., respectively. Also recovery studies, 103.8\% (R.S.D. 2.65\%) by d.p.p. and 98.7\% (R.S.D. 2.1\%) by d.p.v. show that the accuracy and precision of the developed methods were adequate. The analytical methods were successfully applied to the determination of nisoldipine in both tablets and capsules. In addition, a preliminary study of the photostability of nisoldipine (using both UV and artificial day light) was completed. The identity of the main electroactive photodegradation products by GC with spectrometry detection is provided.
This article was published in J Pharm Biomed Anal and referenced in Pharmaceutica Analytica Acta

Relevant Expert PPTs

Relevant Speaker PPTs

Recommended Conferences

Peer Reviewed Journals
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version