alexa Electrode impedance in adults and children using the Nucleus 24 cochlear implant system.


Otolaryngology: Open Access

Author(s): Busby PA, Plant KL, Whitford LA

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Abstract This study measured changes in electrode impedance over time in 19 adults and 29 children implanted with the Nucleus 24 cochlear implant system, using common ground and three monopolar modes of stimulation, over a series of time intervals. Impedances increased from the intraoperative to the initial fitting session, decreased during the initial fitting session and for the following week, and were then stable. Impedances were lowest for the common ground mode, while for the monopolar modes, impedances were related to the surface area of the return electrode. Impedances for children were higher than those for adults at the initial fitting session and for the following three weeks. The clinically measured impedance values increased in a basal-to-apical direction. When these data were corrected for differences in electrode surface area, impedances decreased in a basal-to-apical direction. Impedances were influenced by whether the electrodes were stimulated or unstimulated. Adults with higher electrode impedances tended to have lower hearing thresholds and comfortable listening levels, but this did not appear to clearly be the case for children. This article was published in Cochlear Implants Int and referenced in Otolaryngology: Open Access

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