alexa Electrophoresis: the march of pennies, the march of dimes.
Social & Political Sciences

Social & Political Sciences

Journal of Civil & Legal Sciences

Author(s): Righetti PG

Abstract Share this page

Abstract The present review encompasses ca. 65 years of history of developments in electrokinetic separations, taking as a starting point the year 1937, i.e. the official launching of Tiselius' moving boundary electrophoresis (MBE). The 1950s have been particularly rich in introducing novel methodologies in zone electrophoresis (ZE), thus bringing about the decline of MBE. Among them of extraordinary importance was the development of electrophoresis on agar gels coupled to immuno-diffusion at right angles, which brought a big revolution not only in biochemistry but also in clinical chemistry. Also the by now forgotten paper electrophoresis was a landmark in separation science, in that it implemented, in its "fingerprinting" version, the first genuine two-dimensional (2D) map, coupling orthogonally a charge to a hydrophobic scale separation, while permitting for the first time the detection of spot mutations, i.e. single amino acid replacements in a polypeptide chain, that paved the way to modern genetic analysis. Equally important was the introduction of starch-block electrophoresis, that brought about the notion of sieving and the first discontinuous buffers, refined, in the 1960s, by Ornstein and Davies with their classical papers combining multiphasic buffer systems to polyacrylamide gels, that went down to history as disc-electrophoresis. The 1960s also contributed with two fundamental techniques, isoelectric focusing (IEF) and sodium dodecyl sulphate-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis (SDS-PAGE) that permitted to discriminate proteins solely on the basis of surface charge and molecular mass, respectively. The 1970s gave other fundamental contributions, such as isotachophoresis, the first example of a fully instrumental approach to electrophoresis, both in its analytical and preparative version (Tachophor and Tachofrac), 2D maps combining IEF to SDS-PAGE at right angles and silver staining techniques, that incremented sensitivity by 3 orders of magnitude. The 1980s generated immobilized pH gradients and capillary zone electrophoresis (CZE), two big players that dominated the electrokinetic horizon for all the 1990s and still in vigorous use in present days. The review terminates with a glimpse, in the third millennium, onto microchip technology and hyphenated techniques, notably direct interfacing of various electrophoretic separation methods with mass spectrometry (MS).
This article was published in J Chromatogr A and referenced in Journal of Civil & Legal Sciences

Relevant Expert PPTs

Relevant Speaker PPTs

Peer Reviewed Journals
 
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
 
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

Agri, Food, Aqua and Veterinary Science Journals

Dr. Krish

agrifoodaquavet@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Clinical and Biochemistry Journals

Datta A

clinical_biochem@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9037

Business & Management Journals

Ronald

business@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Chemical Engineering and Chemistry Journals

Gabriel Shaw

chemicaleng_chemistry@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Earth & Environmental Sciences

Katie Wilson

environmentalsci@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Engineering Journals

James Franklin

engineering@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

General Science and Health care Journals

Andrea Jason

generalsci_healthcare@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9043

Genetics and Molecular Biology Journals

Anna Melissa

genetics_molbio@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9006

Immunology & Microbiology Journals

David Gorantl

immuno_microbio@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9014

Informatics Journals

Stephanie Skinner

omics@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Material Sciences Journals

Rachle Green

materialsci@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Mathematics and Physics Journals

Jim Willison

mathematics_physics@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

Medical Journals

Nimmi Anna

medical@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9038

Neuroscience & Psychology Journals

Nathan T

neuro_psychology@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9041

Pharmaceutical Sciences Journals

John Behannon

pharma@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9007

Social & Political Science Journals

Steve Harry

social_politicalsci@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

 
© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version
adwords